New Chummidae (Araneae): quadrupling the size of the clade

Rudy Jocqué, Mark Alderweireldt


The recently described family Chummidae, now the sister clade of Macrobuninae, so far only known from two South African species, is extended with seven new species, six from the southern part of South Africa and one from Lesotho: Chumma bicolor sp. nov. (♀), C. foliata sp. nov. (♂♀), C. interfluvialis sp. nov. (♂♀), C. lesotho sp. nov. (♀), C. striata sp. nov. (♂♀), C. subridens sp. nov. (♂♀) and C. tsitsikamma sp. nov. ♂. A key to the species is provided. Although Chumma is part of a clade containing the Macrobuninae, it is argued that the family name Chummidae should remain valid.


Chumminae; Lesotho; Macrobuninae; South Africa; temperate distribution

Full Text:




Bond J.E., Hendrixson B.E., Hamilton C.A. & Hedin M. 2012. A reconsideration of the classification of the spider infraorder Mygalomorphae (Arachnida: Araneae) based on three nuclear genes and morphology. PLoS One 7 (6): e38753.

Dimitrov D., Benavides Silva L.R., Arnedo M.A., Giribet G., Griswold C.E., Scharff N. & Hormiga G. 2017. Rounding up the usual suspects: a standard target-gene approach for resolving the interfamilial phylogenetic relationships of ecribellate orb-weaving spiders with a new family-rank classification (Araneae, Araneoidea). Cladistics 33 (3): 221–250.

Griswold C.E., Audisio T. & Ledford J.M. 2012. An extraordinary new family of spiders from caves in the Pacific Northwest (Araneae, Trogloraptoridae, new family). ZooKeys 215: 77–102.

International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature. 2012. International Code of Zoological Nomenclature. 4th Edition. International Trust for Zoological Nomenclature, London.

Jocqué R. 2001. Chummidae, a new spider family (Arachnida, Araneae) from South Africa. Journal of Zoology 254: 481–493.

Jocqué R. & Dippenaar-Schoeman A.S. 2007. Spider Families of the World. Royal Museum for Central Africa, Tervuren. Available from [accessed 19 Feb. 2018].

Miller J.A., Carmichael A., Ramírez M.J., Spagna J.C., Haddad C.R., Řezáč M., Johannesen J., Král J., Wang X.P. & Griswold C.E. 2010. Phylogeny of entelegyne spiders: affinities of the family Penestomidae (NEW RANK), generic phylogeny of Eresidae, and asymmetric rates of change in spinning organ evolution (Araneae, Araneoidea, Entelegynae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 55: 786–804.

Polotow D., Carmichael A. & Griswold C.E. 2015. Total evidence analysis of the phylogenetic relationships of Lycosoidea spiders (Araneae, Entelegynae). Invertebrate Systematics 29: 124–163.

Wheeler W.H., Coddington J.A., Crowley L.M., Dimitrov D., Goloboff P.A., Griswold C.E., Hormiga G., Prendini L., Ramírez M.J., Sierwald P., Almeida-Silva L.M., Álvarez-Padilla F., Arnedo M.A., Benavides Silva L.R., Benjamin S.P., Bond J.E., Grismado C.J., Hasan E., Hedin M., Izquierdo M.A., Labarque F.M., Ledford J., Lopardo L., Maddison W.P., Miller J.A., Piacentini L.N., Platnick N.I., Polotow D., Silva-Dávila D., Scharff N., Szűts T., Ubick D., Vink C.J., Wood H.M. & Zhang J.X. 2017. The spider tree of life: phylogeny of Araneae based on target-gene analyses from an extensive taxon sampling. Cladistics 33 (6): 574–616.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

License URL:








Credits for header's photographs